Article 2 Paris Climate Agreement

Article 2 of The Paris Climate Agreement: Understanding the Heart of the Agreement

The Paris Climate Agreement, also known as the Paris Agreement, is a historic international treaty signed by 195 countries in 2015. The aim of the agreement is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Central to the Paris Agreement is Article 2, which lays out the overall objective and key principles of the agreement. The article reads as follows:

1. This Agreement, in enhancing the implementation of the Convention, including its objective, aims to strengthen the response to the threat of climate change, in the context of sustainable development and efforts to eradicate poverty, including by:

(a) Holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change;

(b) Increasing the ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development, in a manner that does not threaten food production;

(c) Making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development.

2. This Agreement will be implemented to reflect equity and the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances.

The first paragraph of Article 2 establishes the main objective of the Paris Agreement, which is to strengthen the response to the threat of climate change in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication. This objective is to be achieved through three main goals:

• Limiting the increase in global temperature to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with the aim of limiting the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

• Increasing the ability of countries to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and promoting climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development that does not threaten food production.

• Ensuring that finance flows are consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development.

The second paragraph emphasizes the importance of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities in implementing the Paris Agreement. This means that countries will take into account their differing responsibilities and capabilities when taking action to address climate change.

Overall, Article 2 is crucial to understanding the heart of the Paris Agreement and its goals. It sets out the objectives and key principles of the agreement, emphasizing the need for collective action to address climate change that takes into account the needs of all countries, especially those that are most vulnerable to its impacts. As we move forward in implementing the Paris Agreement, it is critical that we continue to prioritize the goals laid out in Article 2 and work towards a more sustainable future for all.


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